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The Role of Atmosphere Feedbacks During ENSO in the CMIP3 Models

Lloyd, James and Guilyardi, Eric and Weller, Hilary and Slingo, Julia (2009) The Role of Atmosphere Feedbacks During ENSO in the CMIP3 Models. In: Royal Meteorological Society conference 2009, University of Reading.

[img]PDF (Royal Met Soc Conference 2009, Water Cycle Session) - Presentation


Several studies using ocean-atmosphere GCMs suggest that the atmospheric component plays a dominant role in the modelled ENSO. To help elucidate these findings, the two main atmosphere feedbacks relevant to ENSO, the Bjerknes pos- itive feedback (μ) and the heat flux negative feedback (α), are here analysed in 12 coupled GCMs. We find that the models generally underestimate both feedbacks, leading to an error compensation. The strength of α is inversely related to the ENSO amplitude in the models and the latent heat and shortwave flux components of this feedback dominate. Furthermore, the shortwave component could help explain the model diversity in both overall α and ENSO amplitude.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects:Marine Sciences
Atmospheric Sciences
Meteorology and Climatology
ID Code:331
Deposited By:Mr James B B Lloyd
Deposited On:17 Aug 2009 12:33
Last Modified:17 Aug 2009 12:33

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